The New York State Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) received 18 bids from four proposers, with projects up to 1,200 MW, which, if built, would be the largest offshore wind project in the United States, a NYSERDA spokesperson told TransmissionHub on Feb. 19.
As noted on NYSERDA’s website, through the state’s first large-scale offshore wind solicitation, ORECRFP18-1, NYSERDA seeks to competitively procure 800 MW or more of offshore wind renewable energy certificates (ORECs), as authorized by the New York State Public Service Commission order establishing the Offshore Wind Standard.
“The response to New York’s inaugural solicitation for 800 [MW] or more of offshore wind is unprecedented and historic,” the spokesperson said, adding that the response underscores the state’s “undisputed place as a national clean energy leader, and advances Governor Cuomo’s offshore wind goal of 9,000 [MW] by 2035.”
The spokesperson continued: “Today’s record response provides the robust competition needed to responsibly develop offshore wind for New Yorkers while spurring billions in private sector investment in New York, creating thousands of jobs and putting the state on a path to a carbon-neutral future. NYSERDA expects to announce the winner or winners in the spring.”
The spokesperson said that the proposers are:
- Liberty Wind – Vineyard Wind LLC, a joint venture of Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners and Avangrid Renewables
- Sunrise Wind – Bay State Wind LLC, a joint venture of Ørsted A/S and Eversource (NYSE:ES)
- Empire Wind Project – Equinor US Holdings, Inc.
- Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind Project – Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind LLC, a joint venture of EDF Renewables North America and Shell New Energies US
Equinor spokesperson Elin Isaksen on Feb. 19 told TransmissionHub: “Equinor has submitted a bid into the New York power market on behalf of Empire Wind – a benchmark moment in the two-year development of a project set to make a major contribution toward fulfilling New York’s renewable energy goals. The company secured the 80,000-acre lease in a federal auction in December 2016. The site is located between 14 and 35 miles south of Long Island in the New York Bight, with a potential capacity of up to 2GW of renewable power.”
In a statement provided to TransmissionHub, Christer af Geijerstam, president of Equinor Wind US, said: “Submitting this offer to provide New York with a steady supply of offshore wind is both a major step forward in the development process of the Empire Wind project and an important milestone for New York’s transition to renewable energy. Our project can make a major contribution toward fulfilling New York’s robust renewable energy goals, and the emissions reductions and economic impacts of our bid provide a clear benefit to New Yorkers. We look forward to working with the state as we turn that potential into a tangible asset that the people of New York can rely on for energy well into the future.”
According to Equinor’s website, Empire Wind’s lease area could have the capacity to produce up to 2,000 MW of electricity, and each turbine is expected to have an installed capacity of 10 to 15 MW. Empire Wind will be built by private investors, the site noted, adding that investments for a 1-GW project are typically about $3bn.
According to a Feb. 14 statement posted on Anbaric’s website, the Liberty Wind proposal includes 400-MW, 800-MW, and 1,200-MW project size options.
Foundation components will be fabricated at a port facility in the Capitol Region and transported down the Hudson River to the project site in the Atlantic Ocean, the statement noted.
Liberty Wind’s turbines will be located in federal waters 85 miles away from the nearest New York shore, and will not be visible from any New York shoreline, according to the statement, which also noted that the project will deliver clean power to the New York grid at an existing substation on Long Island. The power will be delivered by a submarine cable that comes to shore and is then buried along an existing roadway onshore, the statement noted. The grid connection will utilize an advanced high voltage direct current system that will ensure reliable delivery of the energy, as well as enhance the resiliency of New York’s grid, particularly in outage situations during major storms, according to the statement.
Lars Thaaning Pedersen, CEO of Vineyard Wind, said in the statement: “Our team’s extensive offshore wind experience from around the world and nearby in New England, where we are building the nation’s first utility scale offshore wind project, allows us to deliver the best project for New York. Liberty Wind will bring clean energy at the lowest price to New York ratepayers along with substantial economic benefits for the state through investments in local infrastructure and businesses and by utilizing the state’s existing supply chain and workforce.”
Vineyard Wind – which is collaborating with transmission developer Anbaric Development Partners for Liberty Wind – will finance and own the generation components of the project and Anbaric will finance and own the transmission components, the statement noted.
Ed Krapels, Anbaric CEO, said in the statement: “Anbaric is delighted to be teaming up with Vineyard Wind on the Liberty Wind Project. Our buried cable will bring renewable power into the heart of the Long Island electric grid, where it can be distributed to hundreds of thousands of customers in southern New York. This is the first leg of a well-designed New York ocean grid for offshore wind that will help achieve Governor Cuomo’s goal of building a planned offshore grid.”
An EDF Renewables spokesperson on Feb. 19 told TransmissionHub that Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind, LLC, a joint venture between Shell and EDFR, submitted a bid on Feb. 14.
EDF Renewables North America and Shell New Energies US LLC in December 2018 announced that they have formed a 50/50 joint venture, Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind, LLC, to co-develop OCS-0499 lease area within the New Jersey Wind Energy Area (WEA). The lease area holds the potential to produce about 2,500 MW of offshore wind energy, the statement noted, adding that the transaction is subject to regulatory approvals and that construction is subject to positive final investment decision.
The lease comprises 183,353 acres about eight miles off the coast of Atlantic City on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), the statement noted, adding that that area offers strong and steady wind resources in relatively shallow water, close to large population centers with associated electricity demand.
Dorine Bosman, VP Shell Wind Development, said in the statement: “Shell has bold ambitions to grow our renewable power business and we see great potential in U.S. offshore wind. Gaining access to this acreage in New Jersey complements our successful entry to Massachusetts and our existing renewable generation business. Building on the strength of our brand and global presence allows us to continue providing our customers with more and cleaner energy.”
Tristan Grimbert, president & CEO of EDF Renewables North America, said in the statement: “The opportunity supports the EDF Group’s aim to double global renewable capacity to 50 [GW] by 2030. It solidifies EDF Renewables’ ambitions to leverage its depth of experience in the European offshore wind market in the emerging U.S. market. As the costs of offshore wind are declining, the U.S. offshore wind industry is quickly advancing with strong federal and state support. The industry is well-positioned to meaningfully contribute to the New York and New Jersey economies through employment and supply chain opportunities.”
According to the statement, Atlantic Shores Offshore Wind, LLC will begin working to complete a site assessment plan and initiate formal development efforts on the site, and subject to a positive final investment decision, could bring the wind farm into operation by the mid-2020s.
Ørsted and Eversource on Feb. 14 announced their joint proposal to build the Sunrise Wind project, which, according to the statement, has the potential capacity to power more than half a million homes. Proposed to be located more than 30 miles east of Montauk Point, the Sunrise Wind project will be virtually unnoticeable to Long Island residents and beach goers, according to the statement.
The project owners have entered into a memorandum of understanding with Con Edison Transmission, which will support the development of the transmission facilities needed to deliver the offshore wind energy to the electric transmission grid, and have an eventual right to acquire the offshore portion of the transmission facility, the statement noted.
Thomas Brostrøm, CEO of Ørsted U.S. Offshore Wind and president of Ørsted North America, said in the statement: “Governor Andrew Cuomo has set an ambitious goal for New York’s transition to renewable energy sources, Ørsted looks forward to helping New York achieve this critical mission. As the global leader in developing offshore wind farms, we share the vision of a world that runs entirely on green energy. We are confident that Sunrise Wind will not only offer New Yorkers an opportunity to provide national leadership in building a carbon-free energy grid, but also create significant job and economic development opportunities for Long Island and upstate New York.”
Lee Olivier, Eversource executive vice president for Enterprise Energy Strategy and Business Development, said in the statement: “Eversource is proud to partner with Ørsted, which shares in our mission to deliver reliable power to millions of customers, as efficiently as possible and using the most sustainable technologies and methods available. Governor Cuomo’s aim to reach [100%] carbon-free electricity by 2040 is a commendable goal, and Sunrise Wind will play a key role in helping New York reach this tremendous milestone.”
Joseph Oates, president and CEO of Con Edison Transmission, said in the statement: "This project is a vital step in helping to meet our state’s ambitious and essential clean energy goals. We’re excited to be supporting the development of the transmission system that will bring this important resource to New Yorkers."
According to the statement, Sunrise Wind will support Cuomo’s goal of establishing an enduring offshore wind supply chain in the state, and to help achieve this, the project proposes such economic development and job opportunities as committing to entering discussions with New York State unions on one or more project labor agreements for project construction, and to paying prevailing wage; and providing more than 900 annual jobs through project development, construction and the first three years of operation, as well as between 1,500 and 2,000 additional annual jobs spawned by the project during that same timeframe, depending on the final scope of the project, as selected by NYSERDA.