Coal producer Alpha runs into problem with reclamation self-bonding in Wyoming

Alpha Natural Resources (NYSE: ANR) said May 29 that it and its operating affiliate, Alpha Coal West, have been notified by the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality’s Land Quality Division (LQD) that the LQD believes the companies “no longer qualify under the self-bonding program” in the state.

Alpha, which operates the Eagle Butte and Belle Ayr surface mines in the Wyoming end of the Powder River Basin, said it disagrees with LQD’s assessment and continues to believe it has fully complied with the regulations. Alpha said it is currently reviewing all options to reverse or rectify this “flawed judgment” by the LQD.

States require that coal companies post reclamation bonds, basically a form of insurance, in case the coal company goes out of business and leaves behind unreclaimed coal mining areas. The bond can help pay for the needed reclamation. Bonding is often provided by outside insurers, but coal companies with especially deep pockets are allowed to self bond.

In each annual self-bond renewal process, Alpha said it has determined its compliance status by consistently following a methodology prescribed by state regulations, and it has shared these calculations with the LQD as a part of each renewal application. The LQD has never previously commented on Alpha’s calculation methodology. At the request of the LQD, Alpha also recently provided supplemental fiscal information. However, despite repeated attempts to gain clarity from the LQD regarding any changes the division has made in interpreting these regulations, numerous questions remain unanswered that Alpha believes should have been addressed prior to any determination being made. According to the LQD’s notification, Alpha now has 90 days to provide substitute bonding.

“Alpha and its affiliates take very seriously our obligation to operate in an environmentally responsible and fiscally sound manner,” said Philip Cavatoni, Alpha’s Chief Financial and Strategy Officer. “We also appreciate the firm but fair approach with which the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality has managed its self-bonding program in the past, which is why the limited transparency in this current process is concerning. While we wait for further clarification from the LQD regarding its review methodology and process, we are investigating a range of options to address this new determination.”

Alpha estimates that self-bonding by coal companies currently operating in Wyoming totals approximately $2 billion, of which Alpha’s share is just over $400 million. According to the Wyoming Mining Association, Wyoming is home to 9 of the top 10 producing mines in the nation and coal production provides the state’s second largest source of tax revenue for state and local governments (estimated at over $1.1 billion in 2013 alone).

Alpha’s Eagle Butte and Belle Ayr mines are in the mid range of coal mines in the state in terms of size, with by far the biggest mines being the North Antelope Rochelle operation of Peabody Energy (NYSE: BTU) and the Black Thunder mine of Arch Coal (NYSE: ACI).

Virginia-based Alpha Natural Resources is one of the largest and most regionally diversified coal suppliers in the United States. With affiliate mining operations in Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Pennsylvania and Wyoming, Alpha supplies metallurgical coal to the steel industry and thermal coal to generate power to customers on five continents.

About Barry Cassell 20414 Articles
Barry Cassell is Chief Analyst for GenerationHub covering coal and emission controls issues, projects and policy. He has covered the coal and power generation industry for more than 24 years, beginning in November 2011 at GenerationHub and prior to that as editor of SNL Energy’s Coal Report. He was formerly with Coal Outlook for 15 years as the publication’s editor and contributing writer, and prior to that he was editor of Coal & Synfuels Technology and associate editor of The Energy Report. He has a bachelor’s degree from Central Michigan University.