U.S. Geothermal reports on 2014 results for existing plants, development prospects

U.S. Geothermal (TSX: GTH)(NYSE MKT: HTM) said Jan. 26 that it has made progress lately at various existing facilities and with in-development projects.


  • Neal Hot Springs, Oregon – All three units have been, and are operating smoothly, with fourth quarter 2014 availability of 98.3%. Total generation for the fourth quarter was 54,472 megawatt-hours, which is a result of excellent availability and low seasonal temperatures. This compares to 32,246 megawatt-hours for the third quarter, 40,629 for the second quarter, and 56,047 for the first quarter, for a total generation of 183,394 megawatt-hours. This compares to 155,428 megawatt-hours of generation for 2013, reflecting an 18% increase over the prior year. Under the terms of a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA), November and December generation for 2014 was paid at a seasonally adjusted price of $123.34 per megawatt-hour, which is 120% of the 2014 average contract price, while October was paid at the average 2014 contract price of $102.78. For 2015, the average contract price will increase from $102.78 to $106.79 per megawatt-hour.
  • San Emidio, Nevada – The plant performance was exceptional, with fourth quarter availability of 99.2%. Total generation for the fourth quarter was 21,745 megawatt hours. This compares to 18,240 megawatt-hours for the third quarter, 15,686 for the second quarter, and 21,223 for the first quarter, for a total generation for 2014 of 76,894 megawatt-hours. This compares to 76,697 megawatt-hours of generation for 2013 reflecting continued, steady state operation of the facility. Under the terms of a PPA, generation during the quarter was paid at the price of $91.17 per megawatt-hour. There is no seasonal adjustment under this power purchase agreement. For 2015, the contract price will increase from $91.17 to $92.08 per megawatt-hour.
  • Raft River, Idaho – The plant performance was exceptional, with fourth quarter availability of 97.3%. Total generation for the fourth quarter was 20,614 megawatt-hours, as a result of excellent availability and low seasonal temperatures. This compares to 18,501 megawatt-hours for the third quarter, 18,069 for the second quarter, and 21,614 for the first quarter, for a total generation for 2014 of 78,798 megawatt-hours. This compares to 77,560 megawatt-hours for the same period of 2013, reflecting continued steady state operation of the facility. Under a PPA, November and December generation for 2014 was paid at a seasonally adjusted price of $72.86 per megawatt-hour, which is 120% of the 2014 average contract price, while October was paid at the 2014 average contract price of $60.72. For 2015, the average contract price will increase from $60.72 to $62.00 per megawatt-hour. In addition to the price paid for energy, Raft River currently receives $4.75 per megawatt-hour under a separate contract for the sale of Renewable Energy Credits.

“Our operations team has done an outstanding job during the year maximizing production from all of our facilities. Our units are all performing with exceptionally high availabilities, and with output that is at or above what we had expected. The total generation from all of our units for the full year of 2014 was 339,086 megawatt-hours, compared to 309,685 megawatt-hours for the full year of 2013, reflecting a fleet wide increase of 9.5% over the prior year period,” said Dennis Gilles, Chief Executive Officer of U.S. Geothermal. “As a result of this strong performance, we anticipate our projected year-end results should be at the higher end of the guidance range previously provided, and we look forward to continued excellent results for the coming year.”


  • WGP Geysers, California – A new transmission interconnection agreement has been applied for to the California Independent System Operator. Engineering optimization of the power plant design continues. The current well field reservoir model is being updated to reflect a new hybrid plant design that includes both water and air cooling, which will dramatically increase the volume of water available for injection back into the reservoir. Traditional water cooled steam plants re-inject about 20% of the water that is removed during power generation, while a hybrid design may re-inject up to 65%. This higher injection rate will provide longer term, stable steam production, and will result in increased power generation over the life of the project. A new conditional use permit application is being prepared for local regulatory agencies to replace the current conditional use permit that expires in July. A flow testing program for the production wells is being designed and will be scheduled during the first half of the year. During the quarter, the company responded to RFPs from WAPA-Navy and Stanford University for renewable energy PPAs, but neither of the bids was selected.
  • San Emidio Phase II, Nevada – To further define the resource and confirm that it can support the Phase II plant, two additional wells (OW-14 and OW-15) were completed on BLM-administered land. While the wells extended the high temperature outline of the South Zone, neither well encountered the commercial permeability seen in Well 61-21 (OW-10). A cross tie pipeline was installed between the San Emidio Phase I and Phase II projects. Well 61-21 was connected and is producing 620 gpm of 297°F fluid to the San Emidio Phase 1 power plant as part of a long term flow test of the South Zone portion of the reservoir. San Emidio Phase I plant generation has increased approximately a half of MW. Permitting for an expanded temperature gradient drilling program is underway for an area south west of the current resource. Results from the recent OW drilling program combined with 1970s-era, shallow temperature gradient data, indicate a high temperature trend into this south-west zone. Geophysical surveys have also identified structural trends in this area. Several 1,000 foot deep temperature gradient wells are being permitted to follow up on this portion of the resource. NV Energy issued a Request for Proposal (RFP) for 100 MW of renewable energy on October 1st. U.S. Geothermal submitted a bid for an air cooled power plant to be developed on the Phase II site. In early December, NV Energy submitted a request to the Nevada Public Utilities Commission (NPUC) that the 2014 solicitation be combined with the 2015 solicitation for a total of 200 megawatts to be procured in 2014. The request also allows re-submittal of any projects that had been previously submitted for the original 2014 RFP. U.S. Geothermal plans to submit an alternative option into the new solicitation that uses a water cooled plant as the basis if the NPUC approves the request.
  • El Ceibillo, Guatemala – During 2014, U.S. Geothermal completed the drilling associated with a resource delineation program, and obtained surface leases for an additional 97 acres. A new drill pad, pond and cellar for EC-2, our planned new well, was completed. EC-2 is located on the new surface leasehold. Drilling of EC-2 is expected to begin as soon as the approval to extend the development schedule contained in the concession agreement has been obtained from the Guatemalan Ministry of Energy. Attempts to obtain approval of a modified development schedule from the Guatemala Ministry of Energy (MEM) continue. As a result of the delays in approval of the modified schedule, the company requested an extension of a Memorandum of Understanding for a PPA with the regional electricity broker. The initial request was declined, but discussions are continuing regarding the terms of the memorandum and how it may be re-instated or renegotiated.
  • Crescent Valley, Nevada – In light of recently passed federal legislation that extended the qualification for the 30% Investment Tax Credit to projects that began construction prior to Dec. 31, 2014, drilling of the first production well CVP-001 (67-3) was initiated in December 2014 following completion of gravity surveys, and analysis of prior temperature gradient drilling data. The first string of production casing was set and cemented before year end, and drilling operations on Well 67-3 are continuing.
  • Neal Hot Springs, Oregon – A permit is being sought to drill a water well at the Neal Hot Springs project. The water well will be tested for sustainable delivery, and if commercially successful, it would be used to support the installation of a water cooling system for the facility. The ability to use water cooling during the 5-6 months of summer and fall would increase power generation, when current air cooling results in a dramatic reduction in plant output.
  • Gerlach, Nevada – Drilling of well 18-10A was completed in late November. The well was drilled to a total depth of 2,889 feet, and encountered a maximum temperature of 275 degrees F.




The company said it sfocus on M&A activities remains very active. The merger of Earth Power Resources (EPR) into U.S. Geothermal was completed on Dec. 12, 2014. The EPR acquisition adds high quality development projects to the company’s pipeline, including the Crescent Valley prospect. “We are continuing due diligence on a number of other excellent opportunities that encompass operating projects, advanced development projects and green field opportunities,” the company added.


Recent developments in the market are encouraging for the growth of renewable energy, and more specifically to geothermal energy, the company said. In Washington, D.C., legislation was passed by the house and senate that extended the tax credits available to new geothermal plants. Under the approved legislation, projects that began construction by Dec. 31, 2014 would be eligible for a 30% Investment Tax Credit (ITC), or alternatively a 10 year Production Tax Credit (PTC).

In California, the signing into law of AB-2363 by the governor,will require the California Public Utilities Commission to establish the appropriate adders (integration cost) for each technology that must be used when evaluating bids for long term wholesale power contracts. “We believe this change will add appropriate costs to wind and solar power generation due to their intermittent deliveries of power, which then should allow base load renewables like Geothermal and Biomass to compete for PPAs with Investor Owned Utilities based on a more accurate comparison of the full cost for power,” the company said. “That has not been the case in the past.”

In Nevada, in 2013 the legislature mandated that the utilities in the state must purchase 300 MW of renewable energy from independent power producers to replace retiring coal generation. NV Energy has issued its first of three Requests for Proposal for 100 MW of renewable energy.

“We are very pleased with our accomplishments to date, and are optimistic with the growth opportunities that lie ahead for our company and its shareholders,” said Gilles. “We are currently well capitalized, and with the addition of our positive cash flows from operations, are well positioned to fund internal development, and growth through strategic M&A activities, as was demonstrated this year with our Geysers and Earth Power acquisitions which we acquired without going to the market for capital.”

About Barry Cassell 20414 Articles
Barry Cassell is Chief Analyst for GenerationHub covering coal and emission controls issues, projects and policy. He has covered the coal and power generation industry for more than 24 years, beginning in November 2011 at GenerationHub and prior to that as editor of SNL Energy’s Coal Report. He was formerly with Coal Outlook for 15 years as the publication’s editor and contributing writer, and prior to that he was editor of Coal & Synfuels Technology and associate editor of The Energy Report. He has a bachelor’s degree from Central Michigan University.